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32. Basis of consolidation

The consolidated financial statements comprise the financial statements of Precious Woods Holding Ltd and its subsidiaries. Control is achieved when Precious Woods Holding Ltd. is exposed, or has rights, to variable returns from its direct or indirect involvement with the investee and has the ability to affect those returns through its power over the investee. Usually control is achieved through a majority of voting rights. Subsidiaries are consolidated from the date on which control is transferred to the Group and cease to be consolidated from the date on which control is lost.

The following subsidiaries are included in the consolidated financial statements:

Subsidiary   Country   Ownership   Ownership
        2019   2018
Precious Woods Management Ltd.   British Virgin Islands   100%   100%
Madeiras Preciosas da Amazônia Manejo Ltda. 1   Brazil       100%
Mil Madeiras Preciosas Ltda.   Brazil   100%   100%
Monte Verde Manejo Florestal Ltda. (Ex Carolina Indústria Ltda.) 2   Brazil   100%   100%
Precious Woods do Pará S.A. 2   Brazil       100%
Precious Woods Manejo Florestal Ltda.   Brazil   100%   100%
Monte Verde Madeiras Ltda. 2   Brazil       100%
Precious Woods Europe B.V.   The Netherlands   100%   100%
Lastour & Co. S.A.   Luxembourg   100%   100%
Unio Holding S.A.   Luxembourg   100%   100%
Precious Woods - Compagnie Equatoriale des Bois S.A.   Gabon   99%   99%
Precious Woods - Tropical Gabon Industrie S.A.   Gabon   100%   100%
1 Merged with Mil Madeiras Preciosas Ltda.
2 Merged to Monte Verde Manejo Florestal Ltda.

In November 2019, the structure of the subsidiaries in Brazil was optimized. The two existing sub-holdings with a total of 6 entities were reduced to three entities. On the one hand, Madeiras Preciosas da Amazônia Manejo Ltda. was merged into MIL Madeiras Preciosas Ltda. On the other hand, Carolina Indústria Ltda., Precious Woods do Pará S.A. as well as Monte Verde Madeiras Ltda. were merged and form together the legal entity Monte Verde Manejo Florestal Ltda.

Accounting policies

For purchases of non-controlling interests, the difference between any consideration paid and the relevant share of non-controlling interest acquired is deducted from equity. Gains or losses on disposals of non-controlling interests are also recorded in equity.